The Bible Versus Its Texts: Genesis 1 and 2 as a Case Study (Revised Title 6/30/16)
No reader, even the most fundamentalist, would deny that Genesis’ opening chapters present two creation accounts, even indicating where one ends and the other begins (Gen 2:4). This itself is a strong textual indicator that we have two once separate traditions which were redacted together at a later date. That is, the text of Genesis 1–2 itself indicates that it is in fact a composite text. Add to this our knowledge about literary production, duplicate traditions, and storytelling in the ancient world and we have corroborating cultural evidence that Genesis’ opening chapters contain two different traditions, each representing how ancient Israelites variously told the story of creation.
For Further Reading: Genesis 1 and the Creationism Debate: Being Honest to the Text, Its Author, and His Beliefs (Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2016).
By Steven DiMattei, Ph.D.
Early Christianity/New Testament
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