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Sargon II, "King of the World"

By Josette Elayi

Sargon II, king of Assyria, proclaimed himself "king of the world". He reigned over Assyria from 722 to 705 BCE (Elayi 2017). The real question as to whether he was a usurper or not has long been debated. The opinion in favor of usurpation is mainly based on the meaning of his name and on the silence of the sources over his origin. If the name "Sargon" (Sharrukîn) meant "the faithful king", it would be a means to legitimate his accession as in the case of the famous Sargon of Akkad (or Agade), who certainly was a usurper. His ascent to the throne, when he was already middle-aged, is far from clear (Vera Chamaza 1992). See complete essay


Women and Worship in Paul’s Churches: Apostles, Prophets, and Teachers

By Lucy Peppiatt

There is now a growing wealth of literature on women in the early church from a number of different perspectives. Whether the writer largely focuses on the linguistic and textual evidence, historical background, socio-political factors, theological perspective, narrative and story, or even tries to take all these factors into account, the deciphering of Paul’s view of women and their place in the church in his own time proves to be a complex process. Extrapolating these discoveries and attempting to apply them to the contemporary church simply adds layers of complexity. See complete essay


The Exodus: History Recaptured

By Richard Elliott Friedman

It is a fabulous story, one of the best we have. A kingdom overpowers a community of aliens in their country. The kingdom enslaves the aliens, and they kill their male children. But one baby survives, a princess takes him in as her own, and he grows up in royalty. As an adult, he kills a man who is assaulting one of his people, and when his manslaughter becomes known he flees to another land. See complete essay


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